Botanical Name: Citri Reticulatae Exocarpium Rubrum

Category: Regulate the Qi

Ju Hong

Ju Hong


Taste: Bitter, Acrid
Temperature: Warm

Channels Entered: Lung, Stomach

Dosage: 3-9g

Cautions & Contraindications:

s  This is an acrid, dispersing substance that is bitter and drying. It should be used with caution in those with heatfrom excess, and is unsuitable for dry coughs due to qi or yin deficiency. Long-term use can injure the primal qi.

Actions & Indications:

  • Regulates the Qi, adjusts the middle, and relieves the diaphragm: for Spleen and Stomach stagnant qi patterns with such symptoms as epigastric or abdominal distention, fullness, bloating, belching, and nausea and vomiting. This herb promotes the movement of qi in general while specifically directing it downward. It is therefore commonly used in treating many different types of nausea and vomiting.
  • Dries dampness and transforms phlegm: an important herb for phlegm-damp coughs with a stifling sensation in the chest and/or diaphragm, and copious, viscous sputum. Also used for damp turbidity obstructing the middle with a stifling sensation in the chest, abdominal distention, loss of appetite, fatique, loose stools, and a thick, greasy tongue coating. An important qi-level herb for both the Spleen and Lung channels, it is especially appropiate for disorders involving both channels.
  • Helps prevent stagnation: used with tonifying herbs to prevent their cloying nature from causing stagnation.